[문제] Federalist vs Anti-Federalist: What are the differences in their ideologies? How did these two groups develop/change up through the 1820s? How did they affect the development of government · its policies?
미국 이루넷아메리카 보딩스쿨의 수업 장면.
연방주의자 대 반(反)연방주의자, 이들의 이데올로기에는 어떤 차이점이 있는가? 이 두 그룹은 1820년대를 어떻게 개발시키고 변화시켰나? 이 두 그룹은 정부와 정부정책의 발달에 어떻게 영향을 끼쳤나? - 미국 고교 역사시간 에세이 숙제
[학생 작문] After  the independence from  the Great Britain,  United States had to govern its own people. To develop as a country, its first task was to establish regulations and make a concrete government. However, different states had different needs and wants, so uniting as  a one nation did not come easy.  As setting up the government, two major  politic groups  arouse called  Federalist and Republican,  also known as Anti-Federalist.
 Federalists wanted to  strong central government that could control state power. On the other hand,  Republicans feared  the central government  becoming too strong. They wanted  states to keep their power and rule their own people.  Republicans supported  Amendment of Confederation which  blocks the central government  to collect tax from the states.  Federalists endorsed the constitution which  gives more power to the government including the power to collect  tax from the states freely.  Republicans and Federalist compromised and added  Bill of Rights  protected individual’s freedom from the government.  Supporters of the constitution were called Federalists, and the opposition were called Republicans, Anti-Federalists.
Then, a strong Federalist leader Hamilton played a crucial role in America’s economics. He suggested fundraising 54 million dollars by selling securities to  the wealthy merchants  in honor of Revolutionary debt,  raising taxes, and to create  20 year chartered Bank of  U.S. Republicans detested Hamilton’s policies because most opposed taxes and banks, which  helps the growth of the central government. Also, Hamilton stressed the importance of industry, and because most Republicans were Southerners (farmers), they  were not delighted.  Second President Adams continued  Federalist ideas. He affirmed  Alien and Sedition Act which mainly targeted  opposition party by hindering freedom of speech.  Republicans argued by  Kentucky and Virginia Resolution that  Alien and Sedition Act  is against the constitution.
The turning point  for the political power was when Jefferson became  the president. He was a strong Republican who rejected Hamilton’s policies. However, the Bank of  U.S. survived. He tried to  raise state’s power in many ways. He purchased Louisiana, so the farmers  have more land to farm, and the  state gains more power.  The next president Madison was also a Republican. The war of 1812, which was during Madison’s presidency, had three major effects.  First was, the Federalists were out of the power.  Second was Republicans came to believe the nation was strong.  And lastly, Republicans accepted  Federalist’s ideology.  Federalist’s and Republican’s ideology were coming together.
The Hartford convention was  Federalist’s last attempt to redeem the power, but it failed. Since there was not party to compete,  the unity became less important, and the internal conflict in  Republicans arose. This eventually  leads the division of Republicans.
 Republicans ceased power overall,  but in the long run, Federalist’s ideas survived.  Both parties contributed the development of the United States to become a strong nation.
[Comment] Overall, your essay is very good. There are some parts that have gaps which affect the flow of your writing, so try to be careful to include all of the information that you need. Your organization is good and you have a good variety of sentence structure. You still have some problems with grammar but keep practicing and this will improve. I think the way that you concluded your essay is very well done.
주간동아 604호 (p184~185)